Ecology and Women

Updated: April 1, 2024

Women are not only vulnerable to climate change but they are also effective actors or agents of change in relation to both mitigation and adaptation. (

Women and Climate Change
Women’s Environment & Development Organization (WEDO)
A reading list on women and climate change – Yale Climate Connections
How rising temperatures due to climate change are shortening pregnancies – TIME Magazine
Women, Gender Equality and Climate Change – The Threats of Climate Change are Not Gender Neutral – United Nations (UN)
Women, Gender Equality and Climate Change Downloadable Factsheet – UN
Women . . . in the Shadow of Climate Change – UN
Understanding Why Climate Change Impacts Women More Than Men – Global Citizen
Gender and Climate Change – International Union for Conservation of Nature
Introduction to Gender and Climate Change – United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
2020 Pocket Guide to Gender Equality Under the UNFCC – WEDO

Ecofeminism – Encyclopaedia Britannica
Ecofeminism for a More Egalitarian World – Energy Observer
Ecofeminism – Women and Life on Earth
The Growing Importance of Ecofeminism – Voices for Biodiversity

Effects of Natural Disasters on Women
2017 Hurricane Maria Facts – World Vision
Hurricane Maria Put a Disproportionate Burden on Women – Oxfam America
Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004 – Encyclopaedia Britannica
Hines, R. I. (2007). Natural disasters and gender inequalities: The 2004 tsunami and case of India. Race, Gender & Class, 14(1-2), 60-68. – JSTOR

Flint Water Crisis
Flint Water Crisis: Everything You Need to Know – Natural Resources Defense Council
Flint Water Crisis is a Feminist Issue – National Women’s Law Center
New Study Shows Women Bore Brunt of Flint Water Crisis But They’ve Also Led Fight Against it – Women’s Media Center
Lead-laced Water in Flint: A step by step look at the makings of a crisis – NPR