June 23 is the Anniversary of Title IX

Center for the Women of New York Celebrates the 50th Anniversary of Title IX June 23, 2022

On June 23, 1972, Title IX of the education amendments of 1972 is enacted into law. Title IX prohibits federally funded educational institutions from discriminating against students or employees based on sex. It begins: “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” As a result of Title IX, any school that receives any federal money from the elementary to university level—in short, nearly all schools—must provide fair and equal treatment of the sexes in all areas, including athletics. – History

How Title IX Transformed Women’s Sports

Before Title IX, few opportunities existed for female athletes. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), which was created in 1906 to format and enforce rules in men’s football but had become the ruling body of college athletics, offered no athletic scholarships for women and held no championships for women’s teams. Furthermore, facilities, supplies and funding were lacking. As a result, in 1972 there were just 30,000 women participating in NCAA sports, as opposed to 170,000 men.

Title IX was designed to correct those imbalances. Although it did not require that women’s athletics receive the same amount of money as men’s athletics, it was designed to enforce equal access and quality. Women’s and men’s programs were required to devote the same resources to locker rooms, medical treatment, training, coaching, practice times, travel and per diem allowances, equipment, practice facilities, tutoring and recruitment. Scholarship money was to be budgeted on a commensurate basis, so that if 40 percent of a school’s athletic scholarships were awarded to men, 40 percent of the scholarship budget was also earmarked for women. – History

Patsy Takemoto Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act

Title IX, also called Patsy Takemoto Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act, clause of the 1972 Federal Education Amendments, signed into law on June 23, 1972, which stated that “no person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” In 2002, following the death of its coauthor, U.S. Rep. Patsy Takemoto Mink, Title IX was officially renamed the Patsy Takemoto Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act. – Britannica

National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)
Title IX at 50: Celebration Website – NCAA
Title IX Frequently Asked Questions – NCAA
National Federation of State High School Associations
Title IX Protects Students from Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity – U.S. Department of Education 
The United States Department of Justice: Title IX
Title IX Legal Manual – U.S. Department of Justice
Education & Title IX – National Women’s Law Center
The 14th Amendment and the Evolution of Title IX – United States Courts
Empowering Students to Stop Sexual Violence – Know Your IX
Exercising Your Title IX Rights – Know Your IX

Threats to Title IX – 2020 Changes to Sexual Harassment

In May 2020 the Department of Education completed the process of creating new regulations detailing how educational institutions must comply with Title IX as it relates to sexual harassment. . . . gender equity experts and those working with victims of sexual harassment have criticized the new regulations. These experts argue that the regulations will limit both the types of sexual harassment students are protected from under Title IX and the rights afforded to survivors of sexual harassment. In response to the regulations, four groups filed lawsuits against the Department of Education in an attempt to stop the regulations from going into effect. Emily Young, a Feminist Majority Foundation Intern, compiled a report analyzing both the 2020 regulations and the lawsuits against them in order to spread awareness about the impact of the new regulations and the work being done to stop their implementation. The report, titled “The 2020 Title IX Regulations and the Lawsuits Against Them: An Analysis and Comparison“, provides background on why the new regulations were created and breaks down many of the changes the new regulations make to previous Title IX policy. – Feminist Majority Foundation

More than four-in-ten women familiar with Title IX say it has not gone far enough when it comes to increasing opportunities for women in sports. – Pew Research Center

What’s at Stake in the Coming Title IX War – Institute for Family Studies

June is Men’s Health Month

June is Men’s Health Month, a national observance used to raise awareness about health care for men and focus on encouraging boys, men and their families to practice and implement healthy living decisions, such as exercising and eating healthy. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, men in the United States, on average, die 5 years earlier than women and die at higher rates from the three leading causes of death, heart disease, cancer and unintentional injuries. During Men’s Health Month, we encourage men to take control of their health, and for families to teach young boys healthy habits throughout childhood. – Men’s Health Month – Office of Minority Health, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services

Over 6 million men suffer from depression per year. Male depression often goes undiagnosed. Men are more likely to report fatigue, irritability, loss of interest in work or hobbies, rather than feelings of sadness or worthlessness. – Men’s Mental Health – Mental Health America

Resources on Cancers in Men

Resources on Supporting Loved Ones with Cancer

Memorial Day

Military Women’s Memorial
The Difference Between Memorial Day and Veterans Day – Military.com
National Moment of Remembrance and the Children Who Inspired It
Honoring the Women Who Sacrificed – Herdacity
Register HERstory at Military Women’s Memorial
Women and Memorial Day – National Women’s History Alliance
Memorial Day – US Dept. of Veterans Affairs
Veterans and Military Families Programs & Events – Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum
Greenwood Memorial Day Concert 
Origins of Memorial Day – U.S. Army Center of Military History 
National Veterans Memorial and Museum – Women’s History Month 
Memorial Day – Library of Congress 
Memorial – National Association of Black Military Women 
Memorial Day: Women Veterans Tell Their Stories Through Poetry – PBS 

May is Stroke Awareness Month

Stroke and Women

Stroke kills about twice as many women as breast cancer each year. In fact, stroke is the third leading cause of death for women. Stroke also kills more women than men each year. A stroke can leave you permanently disabled. But many strokes are preventable and treatable. Every woman can take steps to prevent stroke by knowing her risk factors and making healthy changes. – Office on Women’s Health, U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services

Stroke Signs and Symptoms – Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
Prevent Stroke: What You Can Do – Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
Treat and Recover from Stroke – Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
Stroke Symptoms – Office on Women’s Health in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Stroke Prevention – Office on Women’s Health in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Stroke Symptoms and Causes – Mayo Clinic
Young Women May Face Greater Stroke Risk Than Young Men – American Heart Association
16 Symptoms of Stroke in Women: Treatment, and Prevention – Healthline
The Warning Signs of Stroke in Women – Verywell Health
7 Things You Can Do to Prevent a Stroke – Harvard Health
Long Working Hours Increasing Death from Heart Disease and Stroke – World Health Organization (WHO)
Environmental Risk Factors for Stroke and Cardiovascular Disease – National Library of Medicine
Stroke in Women: Disparities and Outcomes – National Library of Medicine

May is Mental Health Month

NYC Well is your connection to free, confidential crisis counseling, mental health and substance use support, information and referrals. You can reach the toll-free help line 24 hours a day, 7 days a week by phone, text and online chat. Behavioral health professionals there can link you to the services you need.

To contact NYC Well, call:

  • 1-888-NYC-WELL (1-888-692-9355)
  • 1-888-692-9355 (Español)
  • 1-888-692-9355 (繁體中文)
  • 711 (TTY for hearing impaired)

You can also reach NYC Well by texting “WELL” to 651-73, or visit their web site for more information.
NYC Well counselors are available 24/7. They can provide bilingual help in Spanish, Mandarin and Cantonese. Additionally, NYC Well offers translation services in more than 200 languages.

National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-TALK (8255)

NY Project Hope Emotional Support Helpline: 1-844-863-9314 – (For those experiencing anxiety due to the coronavirus emergency)

“Mental disorders can affect women and men differently. Some disorders are more common in women such as depression and anxiety. There are also certain types of disorders that are unique to women. For example, some women may experience symptoms of mental disorders at times of hormone change, such as perinatal depression, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and perimenopause-related depression.” – Women and Mental Health – National Institute of Mental Health

Mental Health – Office on Women’s Health
Mental Health – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
The Impact of COVID-19 on Mental Health – Axia Women’s Health
CWNY’s information and resources on Depression in Women

April 22 is Earth Day

Every year on April 22, Earth Day marks the anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement in 1970. — (earthday.org)

Official Earth Day Site
United States Environmental Protection Agency Earth Day Site
NYC Earth Day Events
Earth Day Initiative Site
Greener Days Ahead from Union Square Partnership Site
Earth Day Action Toolkit
Earth Day Teaching Resources from Edutopia
Earth Day Vision from Communities for Recycling
Earth Day History
Earth Day Themes, Facts, Events & Celebrations
CWNY Report: “Environmental Injustice” – Earth Day 2022
Look back at CWNY’s Earth Day 2020 resources

March 25 is the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire Anniversary

On March 25, 1911, fire broke out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in NYC and the doors to stairways were locked to prevent theft. Of the 146 victims of the fire, most were young immigrant women from Europe, including Italy and Russia.  The tragedy led to the enactment of worker protection laws, factory inspection laws, and fire prevention legislation.

Here are curated resources on Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire:

Cornell University – ILR School – Kheel Center
146 Lives Lost: Names and Ages of Victims
History of the Victims List
Final Six Victims Identified in 2011
Fire Broke Out Near Closing Time
Mourning & Protest
Relief for Survivors and Victims’ Families
Investigation & Trial
Sweatshops Before 1911
Legacy of Triangle Fire: Transformation of Labor Code & Adoption of Fire Safety
Legislative Reform at State & Local Levels
International Ladies’ Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) Incorporates Safety Measures Into Collective Bargaining
American Federation of Labor & Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)
International Labor Organization (ILO)
Istituto Italiano Di Cultura New York
Italian Sons and Daughters of America
Jewish Women’s Archive
Museum of Jewish Heritage
My Jewish Learning
National Women’s History Museum
National Museum of American History
NYC Ghosts
Occupational Safety & Health Administration – U.S. Department of Labor
PBS American Experience
Remembering the Triangle Fire Coalition
Names Map of Victims
Smithsonian Magazine
2021 Triangle Fire Commemoration Video
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire Memorial

March 8th is International Women’s Day

CWNY celebrates International Women’s Day, a day to celebrate the accomplishments of women worldwide. It is also a day to rally around the calls for gender parity around the globe. The theme for International Women’s Day, March 8, 2022 is, “Gender equality today for a sustainable tomorrow”, recognizing the contribution of women and girls around the world, who are leading the charge on climate change adaptation, mitigation, and response, to build a more sustainable future for all. — UN Women

Imagine a gender equal world. A world free of bias, stereotypes and discrimination. A world that’s diverse, equitable, and inclusive. A world where difference is valued and celebrated. Together we can forge women’s equality. We can break the bias in our communities. We can break the bias in our workplaces. We can break the bias in our schools, colleges and universities. Together, we can all break the bias – on International Women’s Day (IWD) and beyond.

Strike the IWD 2022 pose (cross your arms to show solidarity) and share your #BreakTheBias image, video, resources, presentation or articles on social media using #IWD2022 #BreakTheBias to encourage people to commit to helping forge an inclusive world. — International Women’s Day

National Eating Disorders Awareness Week

National Eating Disorders Awareness Week is February 21 – 27, 2022

National Eating Disorders Awareness Week is an annual campaign to educate the public about the realities of eating disorders and to provide hope, support, and visibility to individuals and families affected by eating disorders. — National Eating Disorders Association

Helpline Online Chat or Call or Text (800) 931-2237 – National Eating Disorders Association
Eating Disorder Screening Tool for Ages 13 and Up Can Help Determine If It’s Time to Seek Professional Help – National Eating Disorders Association
Warning Signs and Symptoms – National Eating Disorders Association
Eating Disorders Helpline (888) 375-7767 – National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders
Anorexia Nervosa – U.S. Department of Health and Human Services – Office on Women’s Health
Bulimia Nervosa – U.S. Department of Health and Human Services – Office on Women’s Health
Binge Eating Disorder – U.S. Department of Health and Human Services – Office on Women’s Health
Eating Disorders Overview – National Institute of Mental Health
Anorexia, Bulimia, Binge Eating & Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS) – Healthy Women
Anorexia Nervosa, Binge Eating, & Bulimia – MedlinePlus – National Library of Medicine
Eating Disorders: Symptoms/Causes – Mayo Clinic
Eating Disorders: Diagnosis/Treatment – Mayo Clinic
Teen Eating Disorders: Tips to Protect Your Teen – Mayo Clinic
Eating Disorders including Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) – The Nemours Foundation – KidsHealth for Teens
Signs of An Eating Disorder – WebMD
Eating Disorders: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, & Treatment – National Alliance on Mental Illness
How Perfect is the New Normal? The Impact of Social Media on Disordered Eating – Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
Types of Eating Disorders – Anxiety & Depression Association of America (ADAA)
Understanding Eating Disorders – Department of Mental Health (Los Angeles)
Hospitalizations for Eating Disorders Spike Among Adolescents During COVID – Michigan Medicine – University of Michigan
Improving Your Healthy Eating Habits – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 
How A Mom Rescued Her Daughter From Anorexia – Podcast on Anchor (Center for the Women of New York)

February 2nd is National Girls and Women in Sports Day

“Sport is one of the most powerful platforms for promoting gender equality and empowering women and girls.”International Olympic Committee

Feb 2, 2022 is National Girls and Women in Sports Day – Women’s Sports Foundation
Do You Know the Factors Influencing Girls’ Participation in Sports? – Women’s Sports Foundation 
In Focus: Women and Girls in Sport – UNWomen
Regional UN Women Ambassador Sania Mirza – UNWomen
The International Charter of Physical Education, Physical Activity and Sport, adopted by UNESCO’s 38th General Conference, affirms that “equal opportunity to participate and be involved at all supervision and decision-making levels in physical education, physical activity and sport, whether for the purpose of recreation, health promotion or high performance, is the right of every girl and every woman that must be actively enforced”. — United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Gender Equality in Sports Media  – UNESCO
Women, gender equality and sport  – United Nations Women Watch 
International Women’s Day Mission: To celebrate women athletes and applaud when equality is achieved in pay, sponsorship and visibility – International Women’s Day
Gender Equality in Sport – International Olympic Committee
Amazing Things Happen When You Give Female Athletes the Same Funding as Men – World Economic Forum
Celebrating the Women Who Have Triumphed in Sports – Women’s Sports Museum
Betsy Jochum – Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History
Billie Jean King – Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History
Women’s Sports History – National Women’s History Museum
We Got Next – The History of the WNBA – National Women’s History Museum
Mary Kate Callahan – National Women’s History Museum
Mildred “Babe” Didrikson Zaharias – National Women’s History Museum
Marla Runyan – National Women’s History Museum
Wilma Rudolph – National Women’s History Museum
Pro Baseball Is About to Have Its First Ever Female Manager in the Minor Leagues – NPR
The Sexualization Of Women In Sports Extends Even To What They Wear – NPR
News Media Still Pressing the Mute Button on Women’s Sports – USC News
Gender Inequality in Sports – Gender Stats
Four Tips to Foster Women’s Sport Participation in Your City – Smart Cities & Sport (Switzerland)
Teen Sports: 7 Ways to Make Sports Positive and Rewarding – YOUR TEEN for parents
8 Times Women in Sports Fought for Equality  – The New York Times
How Title IX Transformed Women’s Sports  – History Channel
Ten Great Female Athletes from New York City  – Explore New York History

Title IX and Sex Discrimination

The U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) enforces, among other statutes, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. Title IX protects people from discrimination based on sex in education programs or activities that receive federal financial assistance. Title IX states:

“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.”U.S. Department of Education – Office for Civil Rights

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is a comprehensive law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sex in all programs or activities in all federally funded educational institutions including high schools and middle schools. Since the enactment of Title IX, there has been a dramatic increase in interscholastic and intercollegiate athletic opportunities for girls and women. Few laws have influenced high school sports more than Title IX. — National Federation of High School Associations

The senior woman administrator is the highest-ranking female in each NCAA athletics department or conference office. The purpose of the SWA designation is to promote meaningful representation of women in the leadership and management of college sports. — National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA)