March 25 is the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire Anniversary

Updated: March 1, 2024

On March 25, 1911, fire broke out at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in NYC and the doors to stairways were locked to prevent theft. Of the 146 victims of the fire, most were young immigrant women from Europe, including Italy and Russia.  The tragedy led to the enactment of worker protection laws, factory inspection laws, and fire prevention legislation.

Here are curated resources on Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire:

Cornell University – ILR School – Kheel Center
146 Lives Lost: Names and Ages of Victims
History of the Victims List
Final Six Victims Identified in 2011
Fire Broke Out Near Closing Time
Mourning & Protest
Relief for Survivors and Victims’ Families
Investigation & Trial
Sweatshops Before 1911
Legacy of Triangle Fire: Transformation of Labor Code & Adoption of Fire Safety
Legislative Reform at State & Local Levels
International Ladies’ Garment Workers Union (ILGWU) Incorporates Safety Measures Into Collective Bargaining

American Federation of Labor & Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)
International Labor Organization (ILO)
Istituto Italiano Di Cultura New York
Italian Sons and Daughters of America
Jewish Women’s Archive
Museum of Jewish Heritage
My Jewish Learning
National Women’s History Museum
National Museum of American History
NYC Ghosts
Occupational Safety & Health Administration – U.S. Department of Labor
PBS American Experience

Remembering the Triangle Fire Coalition
2021 Triangle Fire Commemoration Video
Names Map of Victims

Smithsonian Magazine
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire Memorial
Collective Ribbon: The Interwoven Voices of the Triangle Fire Memorial – Casa Italiana Zerilli-Marimo, New York University